• 20 April 2018 | F. Moučka, J. Kolafa, M. Lísal, W. R. Smith, Chemical potentials of alkaline earth metal halide aqueous electrolytes and solubility of their hydrates by molecular simulation: Application to CaCl2, antarcticite, and sinjarite, The Journal of Chemical Physics (American Institute of Physics), Volume  148, Article 222832 (2018) doi:10.1063/1.5024212 [access here]
  • 1 April 2018 | Alberto Striolo, Shale Gas: Friend or Foe? An overview of the scientific and technical challenges that have surfaced because of shale gas, The Chemical Engineer, Issue 922, April 2018 [access here]
  • 23 February 2018 | Fauchille, A.L., van den Eijnden, A.P., Ma L., Chandler, M., Taylor, K.G., Madi, K. Lee, P.D, Rutter, E., Variability in spatial distribution of mineral phases in the Lower Bowland Shale, UK, from the mm- to μm-scale: quantitative characterization and modelling, Marine and Petroleum Geology (Elsevier), Volume  92, pages 109-127 (2018) doi:10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2018.02.029 [access here]
  • 21 February 2018 | M. Vasileiadis, L.D. Peristeras, K.D. Papavasileiou, and I. G. Economou, Transport properties of shale gas in relation to kerogen porosity, Journal of Physical Chemistry C (ACS Publications), Volume  122 (11), pages 6166–6177 (2018) doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.8b00162 [access here]
  • 15 February 2018 | M. Svoboda, M. Lisal, Concentrated aqueous sodium chloride solution in clays at thermodynamic conditions of hydraulic fracturing: Insight from molecular dynamics simulations, The Journal of Chemical Physics (American Institute of Physics), Volume 148, Article 222806 (2018) doi:10.1063/1.5017166 [access here]
  • 8 February 2018 | Loganathan, N., Bowers, G. M., Yazaydin, A. O., Schaef, H. T., Loring, J., Kalinichev, A. G., Kirkpatrick, R. J., Clay swelling in dry supercritical carbon dioxide: Effects of interlayer cations on the structure, dynamics, and energetics of CO2 intercalation probed by XRD, NMR and GCMD simulations, Journal of Physical Chemistry C (ACS Publications), Volume  122 (8), pages 4391–4402 (2018) doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b12270 [access here]
  • 13 December 2017 | Viviani C. Onishi, Juan A. Reyes-Labarta, José A. Caballero, Zero-Liquid Discharge Desalination of Hypersaline Shale Gas Wastewater: Challenges and Future Directions, 1st Euro-Mediterranean Conference for Environmental Integration (EMCEI), pages 65-67, doi:10.1007/978-3-319-70548-4_24 [access here]
  • 1 November 2017 | N.R. Backeberg, F. Iacoviello, M. Rittner, T.M. Mitchell, A.P. Jones, R. Day, J. Wheeler, P.R. Shearing, P. Vermeesch, A. Striolo, Quantifying the anisotropy and tortuosity of permeable pathways in clay-rich mudstones using models based on X-ray tomography, Scientific Reports, Volume 7, Article 14838 (2017) doi:10.1002/ange.201700590 [access here]
  • November 2017 | Viviani C. Onishi, Rubén Ruiz-Femenia, Raquel Salcedo-Díaz, Alba Carrero-Parreño, Juan A. Reyes-Labarta, José A. Caballero, Multi-Objective Optimization of Renewable Energy-Driven Desalination Systems, In book: Computer Aided Chemical Engineering (Elsevier), Edition 40, pages 499-504, doi:10.1016/B978-0-444-63965-3.50085-4 [access here]
  • November 2017 | Alba Carrero-Parreño, Viviani C. Onishi, Rubén Ruiz-Femenia, Raquel Salcedo-Díaz, José A. Caballero, Juan A. Reyes-Labarta, Multistage Membrane Distillation for the Treatment of Shale Gas Flowback Water: Multi-Objective Optimization under Uncertainty, In book: Computer Aided Chemical Engineering (Elsevier), Edition 40, pages 571-576, doi:10.1016/B978-0-444-63965-3.50097-0 [access here]
  • November 2017 | Viviani C. Onishi, Rubén Ruiz-Femenia, Raquel Salcedo-Díaz, Alba Carrero-Parreño, Juan A. Reyes-Labarta, José A. Caballero, Optimal Shale Gas Flowback Water Desalination under Correlated Data Uncertainty, In book: Computer Aided Chemical Engineering (Elsevier), Edition 40, pages 943-948, doi:10.1016/B978-0-444-63965-3.50159-8 [access here]
  • November 2017 | Raquel Salcedo-Díaz, Rubén Ruiz-Femenia, Alba Carrero-Parreño, Viviani C. Onishi, Juan A. Reyes-Labarta, José A. Caballero, Combining Forward and Reverse Osmosis for Shale Gas Wastewater Treatment to Minimize Cost and Freshwater Consumption, In book: Computer Aided Chemical Engineering (Elsevier), Edition 40, pages 2725-2730, doi:10.1016/B978-0-444-63965-3.50456-6 [access here]
  • 15 October 2017 | Viviani C. Onishi, Rubén Ruiz-Femenia, Raquel Salcedo-Díaz, Alba Carrero-Parreño, Juan A. Reyes-Labarta, Eric S. Fraga, José A. Caballero, Process optimization for zero-liquid discharge desalination of shale gas flowback water under uncertainty, Journal of Cleaner Production (Elsevier), Volume 164, pages 1219-1238 (2017) doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.06.243 [access here]
  • 5 October 2017 | M. Apostolopoulou, R. Day, R. Hull, M. Stamatakis, A. Striolo, A kinetic Monte Carlo approach to study fluid transport in pore networks, The Journal of Chemical Physics. Volume 147 (2017), 134703, doi:10.1063/1.4985885 [access here]
  • 14 September 2017 | Tran Thi Bao Le and Alberto Striolo, Propane−Water Mixtures Confined within Cylindrical Silica Nanopores: Structural and Dynamical Properties Probed by Molecular Dynamics, Langmuir (ACS Publications), Volume 33 (42), Pages 11310–11320 (2017), doi:10.1021/acs.langmuir.7b03093 [access here]
  • 27 August 2017 | David R. Cole, Alberto Striolo, Understanding Shale Gas: Recent Progress and Remaining Challenges, Energy & Fuels.  doi:10.1021/acs.energyfuels.7b01023 [access here]
  • 10 August 2017 | E. Rybacki, J. Herrmann, R. Wirth, G. Dresen, Creep of Posidonia Shale at Elevated Pressure and Temperature, Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering.  doi:10.1007/s00603-017-1295-y [access here]
  • 7 August 2017 | Ma, L., Taylor, K.G., Dowey, P.J., Courtois, L., Gholinia, A., Lee, P.D., Multi-scale 3D characterisation of porosity and organic matter in shales with variable TOC content and thermal maturity: Examples from the Lublin and Baltic Basins, Poland and Lithuania, International Journal of Coal Geology (Elsevier), Volume 180, Pages 100-112 (2017), doi: 10.1016/j.coal.2017.08.002 [access here]
  • 27 July 2017 | Fauchille, A-L., Ma, L., Rutter, E., Chandler, M., Taylor, K.G., Lee., P.D., An enhanced understanding of the Basinal Bowland shale in Lancashire (UK), through microtextural and mineralogical observations, Marine and Petroleum Geology (Elsevier), Volume 86, Pages 1374-1390 (2017), doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2017.07.030 [access here]
  • 9 July 2017 | E Rezlerová, A. Zukal, J. Čejka, F. R. Siperstein, J. K. Brennan, M. Lísal, Adsorption and Diffusion of C1 to C4 Alkanes in Dual-Porosity Zeolites by Molecular Simulations, Langmuir (ACS Publications), Volume 33 (42), Pages 11126–11137 (2017), doi:10.1021/acs.langmuir.7b01772 [access here]
  • 8 June 2017 | Filip Moucka, Martin Svoboda, Martin Lisal, Modelling aqueous solubility of sodium chloride in clays at thermodynamic conditions of hydraulic fracturing by molecular simulations, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Volume 19 (25), Pages 16586-16599 (2017), doi:10.1039/c7cp02121f [access here]
  • June 2017 | Jędrzej Górski, Christine Trenorden, EU and Regulation of Shale Industry: Where Do We Stand Now? Oil and Gas Law Committee Newsletter, June 2017 [access here]
  • 27 May 2017 | Duccio Tatini, Filippo Sarri, Piefrancesco Maltoni, Moira Ambrosi, Emiliano Carretti, Barry W. Ninham, Pierandrea Lo Nostro, Specific ion effects in polysaccharide dispersions, Carbohydrate Polymers. Volume 173 (2017), pages 344–352, doi:10.1016/j.carbpol.2017.05.078 [access here]
  • 11 May 2017 | Tai Bui, Anh Phan, David R. Cole, Alberto Striolo, Transport Mechanism of Guest Methane in Water-Filled Nanopores, The Journal of Physical Chemistry. Volume 121 (2017), pages 15675−15686, doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b02713 [access here]
  • 8 May 2017 | Manolis Vasileiadis, Loukas D. Peristeras, Konstantinos D. Papavasileiou, Ioannis G. Economou, Modeling of Bulk Kerogen Porosity: Methods for Control and Characterization, Energy Fuels (ACS Publications), Volume 31 (6), pages 6004–6018 (2017) doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.06.243 [access here]
  • 23 March 2017 | Fernando Figueroa Pilz, Patrick J. Dowey, Anne-Laure Fauchille, Loic Courtois, Brian Bay, Lin Ma, Kevin G. Taylor, Julian Mecklenburgh, Peter D. Lee, Synchrotron tomographic quantification of strain and fracture during simulated thermal maturation of an organic-rich shale, UK Kimmeridge Clay, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, Volume 122 (4), pages 2553-2564 (2017) doi:10.1002/2016JB013874 [access here]
  • 22 March 2017 | A. Carrero-Parreño, V.C. Onishi, R. Salcedo-Díaz, R. Ruiz- Femenia, E.S. Fraga, J.A. Caballero, J.A. Reyes-Labarta, Optimal Pre-treatment System of Flowback Water from Shale Gas Production, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research (ACS). Volume 56, Pages: 4386-4398 (2017), doi:10.1021/acs.iecr.6b04016 [access here]
  • 13 March 2017 | Valeryia Kasneryk, Mariya Shamzhy, Maksym Opanasenko, Paul S. Wheatley, Samuel A. Morris, Samantha E. Russell, Alvaro Mayoral, Michal Trachta, Jiri Cejka, and Russell E. Morris, Expansion of the ADOR Strategy for the Synthesis of Zeolites: The Synthesis of IPC-12 from Zeolite UOV, Angewandte Chemie (Wiley Online Library), Volume 129 (15), Pages: 4388-4391 (2017), doi:10.1002/ange.201700590 [access here]
  • 4 November 2016 | V.C. Onishi, A. Carrero-Parreño, J.A. Reyes-Labarta, R. Ruiz-Femenia, R. Salcedo-Díaz, E.S. Fraga, J.A. Caballero, Shale Gas Flowback Water Desalination: Single vs Multiple-effect evaporation with Vapor Recompression Cycle and Thermal Integration, Desalination (Elsevier), Volume 404, Pages 230-248 (2017), doi: 10.1016/j.desal.2016.11.003 [access here]
  • 24 October 2016 | Lukas Michalec, Martin Lisal, Molecular simulation of shale gas adsorption onto overmature type II model kerogen with control microporosity, Molecular Physics (Taylor & Francis Group), Volume 115 (9-12), Pages 1086-1103 (2017), doi:10.1080/00268976.2016.1243739 [access here]
  • 12 October 2016 | STRIOLO Alberto, Interfacial water studies and their relevance for the energy sector, Molecular Physics (Taylor & Francis Group), Volume 14 (18), Pages 2615-2626 (2016) doi: 10.1080/00268976.2016.1237685 [access here]
  • 5 October 2016 | V.C. Onishi, A. Carrero-Parreño, J.A. Reyes-Labarta, E.S. Fraga, J.A. Caballero, Desalination of shale gas flowback water: a rigorous design approach for zero-liquid discharge evaporation systems, Journal of Cleaner Production (Elsevier), Volume 140 (3), Pages 1399-1414 (2017) doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.10.012 [access here]
  • 27 September 2016 | Carla Tagliaferri, Roland Clift, Paola Lettieri, Chris Chapman, Shale gas: a life-cycle perspective for UK production, The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment (Springer Verlag), Volume 22 (6), Pages  919–937 (2016), doi: 10.1007/s11367-016-1207-5 [access here]
  • 4 August 2016 | PHAN Anh, COLE David R., WEIß R. Gregor, DZUBIELLA Joachim, STRIOLO Alberto, Confined Water Determines Transport Properties of Guest Molecules in Narrow Pores, ACS Nano (American Chemical Society), Volume 10 (8), Pages 7646–7656 (2016), doi: 10.1021/acsnano.6b02942 [access here]
  • 6 April 2016 | A. Striolo, A. Michaelides, L. Joly, The Carbon-Water Interface: Perspectives on the Water-Energy Nexus, Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Volume 7, Pages 533-556 (2016) doi:10.1146/annurev-chembioeng-080615-034455 [access here]
  • 8 March 2016 | E. Rybacki, T. Meier, G. Dresen, What controls the mechanical properties of shale rocks? – Part II: Brittleness, Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, Volume 144, Pages 39–58 (2016) doi:10.1016/j.petrol.2016.02.022. [access here]
  • 26 October 2015 | E. Rybacki, A. Reinicke, T. Meier, M. Makasi,G. Dresen, What controls the mechanical properties of shale rocks? – Part I: Strength and Young’s modulus, Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, Volume 135, Pages 702–722 (2015) doi:10.1016/j.petrol.2015.10.028. [access here]
  • 7 August 2015 | T. A. Ho & A. Striolo, Water and Methane in Shale Rocks: Flow Pattern Effects on Fluid Transport and Pore Structure, American Institute of Chemical Engineers Journal, September 2015 Vol.61, No.9, pp.2993-2999 (2015) DOI 10.1002/aic.14869. [download pdf]
  • 2 June 2015 | T. Le & A. Striolo, CO2−C4H10 Mixtures Simulated in Silica Slit Pores: Relation between Structure and Dynamics, The Journal of Physical Chemistry, C 2015, 119, pp.15274-15284 (2015) DOI 10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b03160. [download pdf] 
Project Factsheet

ShaleXenvironmenT project factsheet October 2017 [download pdf]

Public Deliverables

Links to the project’s deliverables will be added as the project progresses. The expected date of delivery is indicated in brackets.

Work Package 1 – Project Management

D1.1 Project management manual [download pdf]

D1.2 Progress report 1 [download pdf]

D1.3 Progress report 2 [download pdf]

D1.4 Final report [September 2018]

Work Package 2 – Shale Core Acquisition and HTHP Handling Capabilities

D2.1 Report on PTx properties of shale rock samples [download pdf]

D2.2 Reservoir conditions for rock library samples [download pdf]

D2.3 Reservoir conditions for European samples [September 2018]

Work Package 3 – Advanced Imaging and Geomechanical Characterisation

D3.1 Full traditional characterisation on shale core samples representative of EU formations [download pdf]

D3.2 Experimental tomographic imaging of pore size, structure, networks and potential flow paths within selected shale core samples [download pdf]

D3.3 Fluid behaviour for water, methane, other hydrocarbons, fracturing fluids and their chemicals confined in the narrow pores found in shale rocks [download pdf]

D3.4 Experimental characterization regarding fracture permeability and healing properties, elastic mechanical data and creep behaviour under high pressure [download pdf]

D3.5 Relations between tomographic and geomechanical observations, implications for
reservoir conditions and sweet spot identification [September 2018]

Work Package 4 – Modelling of Confined Fluids 

D4.1 New models for clay and kerogen pores in shales [download pdf]

D4.2 Preferential distribution of water, methane, simple salts, hydrocarbons within clay and kerogen pores of various sizestypically found in shale rocks [March 2018]

D4.3 Diffusion coefficients of various fluid mixtures and their individual components in heterogeneous narrow pores typical of shale rocks [March 2018]

D4.4 Potential of migration of NORM and compounds used in hydraulic fracturing fluids through a shale formation [September 2018]

D4.5 Equation of states of fluids needed for process design and risk assessment [download pdf]

Work Package 5 – Formulation of Hydraulic Fracturing Fluids

D5.1 A report, along with laboratory scale samples, on hydraulic fracturing formulations effective at high salt content, along with laboratory scale samples of the best formulation prepared in the presence of large amounts of salt [download pdf]

D5.2 A report, along with laboratory scale samples, on the additives to be used in hydraulic fracturing formulations to reduce the amount of NORM extracted in flow-back and produced water [September 2018]

Work Package 6 – Analytical Models and Software 

D6.1 Analytical models and software for describing convective and forced fluid transport within fractured shale formations [September 2018]

D6.2 Analytical model and software to describe the transport of hydrocarbons/water/contaminants through shale rock formations, including convective and forced transport and diffusive behaviour [September 2018]

Work Package 7 – Engineered Materials 

D7.1 Characterization of fluid properties in zeolites [download pdf]

D7.2 Full experimental materials characterisation and fluid transport data within the engineered materials with dual porosity [download pdf]

Work Package 8 – Optimization   

D8.1 Multi-period and logistic optimizationbased approaches for wastewater management in shale gas operations [September 2018]

Work Package 9 – Risk Assessment 

D9.1 Application of well blowout model to an existing well to generate fire and explosion risk contours [download pdf]

D9.2 Likelihood of induced seismic / micro seismic activity in shale formations throughout Europe, including a risk assessment [March 2018]

Work Package 10 – Life Cycle Assessment 

D10.1 Comparative environmental footprint of shale gas vs. traditional energy sources and alternative low-carbon renewables [download pdf]

D10.2 Sensitivity analysis of the LCA of the environmental footprint of shale gas in Europe [download pdf]

Work Package 11 – Suggestions for Policy Formulation 

D11.1 Regulatory framework on environmental impacts and community acceptance of shale gas [March 2018]

D11.2 Policy recommendations for the effective governance of shale gas operations in
Europe [September 2018]

Work Package 12 – Dissemination 

D12.1 Journal reviews [download pdf]

D12.2 Work-In-Progress forums 1 [download pdf]

D12.3 Work-In-Progress forums 2 [download pdf]

D12.4 Website launch [download pdf]

D12.5 Summer Challenges 1 [download pdf]

D12.6 Summer Challenges 2 [download pdf]

D12.7 DCO and Doha international conferences 1 [download pdf]

D12.8 DCO and Doha international conferences 2 [July 2018]

D12.9 Rock library [September 2018]

D12.10 Material for academic course [September 2018]